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Core- Science



At Nancealverne School we aim to ensure that our Science education provides our students with the foundations for understanding the world around them.  All students will be taught essential aspects of the knowledge, methods, processes and uses within the specific disciplines of biology, chemistry and physics.  Rich and engaging teaching and learning will support students to develop a sense of excitement and curiosity and to develop an understanding that science can help to explain, analyse and make predictions about the world around them.


The national (and Nancealverne School) curriculum for science aims to ensure that all pupils (to the fullest of their individual ability):

  • develop scientific knowledge and conceptual understanding through the specific disciplines of biology, chemistry and physics
  • develop understanding of the nature, processes and methods of science through different types of science enquiries that help them to answer scientific questions about the world around them
  • are equipped with the scientific knowledge required to understand the uses and implications of science, today and for the future


Curriculum coverage

Aspects of Science will be taught in all classes at Nancealverne School and discrete Science lessons linked to the specific disciplines of biology, chemistry and Physics will be taught for all students between Key stage 1 and Key Stage 4. During early years science skills will be embedded across all aspects of learning.  Science is not compulsory at key stage 5, however science experiences will be explored within whole school science themed weeks and though individual accredited units; ensuring skills and interests are developed and linked to life beyond school.

Science will be delivered through a differentiated skills based approach to teaching and learning, following the National Curriculum Guidance and the school’s ‘Science Curriculum Map’ documents.

Teaching and Learning will differentiate for the learners across the school’s four learning pathways; offering a multi-sensory and communication focused approach to learning for students at pathway 1 and 2; while offering a wealth of skills led experiences and challenge for students at pathways 3 and 4.

Annual themed weeks linked to science are also planned for, allowing for an immersive experience at these times.

Evidence, Progress and Assessment

Progress will be monitored through tracking skills within the school’s curriculum maps.  The curriculum maps offer an opportunity to plan for progress for students at each of the school’s recognised pathways, ensuring that progress can be planned for and tracked regardless of the pupils start point.

Evidence is collected in books and project folders.  Opportunities are available to collect evidence using ‘Evisense’ allowing for evidencing achievements over longer periods of time.

Teachers use a range of formative and summative assessment strategies to ensure progress including:

  • use of the school marking policy
  • self-assessment
  • peer-assessment
  • the use of B² Progression Steps and Engagement Steps
  • the ASDAN continuum


Throughout their learning journeys, pupils will be prepared for the next stage of their science education.

The vast majority of pupils will meet, or exceed their expected levels of progress for science.

Functional and life-skills will be embedded and practiced within the science curriculum.

At key stage 4 students will complete ASDAN accreditation based units with links to Science skills.

Key stage 4 and Post 16 students with an interest will be supported to investigate opportunities to develop science skills further outside of school.

Key stage 4 and Post 16 students with a specific interest will be prepared to continue their science journey beyond school into a post 16 provision.

At Key Stage 4 and Post 16 students with a specific interest will be supported to explore work related opportunities in careers linked to STEM.


At Nancealverne we offer an inclusive, engaging and differentiated Science curriculum that builds on the individual learner’s needs and understanding to develop a scientific knowledge and understanding of the world, ensuring that all reach their full potential. We provide opportunities to build curiosity, inquiry and questioning skills.  Language, communication and thinking skills are enriched by the delivery of the Science Curriculum, as these skills are embedded in the Science curriculum offer. 

Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS):

  • Develop confidence and curiosity to explore the natural world around them making simple observations and drawing pictures of animals and plants.
  • Communicate about similarities and differences, drawing on personal experiences.
  • Develop the security to investigate the properties of materials through sensory experiences.
  • Understand some important processes and changes in the natural world around them, including the seasons and changing states of matter.

Key Stage 1 (KS1):

  • Establish curiosity through careful observation, investigation and asking simple questions.
  • Use simple equipment to perform scientific investigations.
  • Use simple scientific language to describe scientific phenomena.
  • Observe similarities, differences and patterns and use to communicate simple predictions.

Key Stage 2 (KS2):

  • Establish classification and  prediction skills.
  • Use scientific knowledge and reasoning to explain everyday observations and phenomena.
  • Plan and carry out simple investigations using a range of equipment. 
  • Begin to use scientific terminology to explain ideas and communicate findings. 
  • To use a range of evidence, including measurements and secondary research to draw simple conclusions.

Key Stage 3 (KS3):

  • Establish reasoning to draw conclusions and make hypothesis based on scientific understanding.
  • Experience Science taught as explicit areas of Chemistry, Physics and Biology.
  • Investigate a range of scientific phenomena, using scientific methods and a range of equipment to measure findings.
  • Share scientific hypothesis based on previous experiences and scientific understanding.
  • Use secondary sources to deepen scientific understanding.

Key Stage 4 (KS4):

  • Develop a deeper understanding of the scientific principles taught in KS3.
  • Carry out more complex scientific investigations, using more advanced equipment.
  • Apply scientific skills to functional/real world situations.  
  • Develop interest and understanding of Science based career possibilities. 
  • Explore accreditation opportunities at a level appropriate to the individual learners.

Key Stage 5 (KS5):

  • Build on application of scientific skills and understanding.
  • Further develop understanding of options to develop science education beyond post 16.
  • Explore accreditation opportunities at a level appropriate to the individual learners. 


Whilst we follow the objectives of a structured subject-specific curriculum, we offer highly differentiated and personalised learning programmes. We deliver a specialist, high-quality, and relevant education. This focuses on personal skills and academic achievement, setting high expectations for all. We appreciate that students may not be working at age-related or key-stage expectations, and therefore measure progress from individual starting points.